Hoboken is New Jersey's home base for the “Millennials or the Millennial Generation.” Hoboken offers everything New York does due to its gentrified city lifestyle, its multitude of restaurant choices, its nightlife and the easy commute to New York City. It is also home to many families who have been residents for many generations.
Hoboken was a campsite in the Hackensack Territory, the home of the Lenni Lenape Indians. Henry Hudson discovered the area when he landed the Half Moon at Weehawken Cove just up river in 1609. Soon after it became a part of the province of New Netherlands. The area was granted to bring Dutch settlers to the area, but the plan did not develop because the area was hostile and surrounded by marsh and water. Soon it was sold to the Dutch for pennies from the Lenape, but by 1630 it still was not developed; yet it represented the earliest transactions for a parcel of land. Later it was acquired by Hendrick Van Horst, who leased part of the land to Aert Van Putten, a local farmer, who built a house and a brewery, North America's first. However, the discord between the local Lenape and the settlers soon forced the evacuation of the settlements. Fighting included indian raids in which Van Putten was killed and the brewery destroyed, and all residents of what was called Pavonia were ordered back to New Amsterdam. The area did not develop and in 1668, the English took possession of New Amsterdam with almost no resistance. In 1675, it became part of East Jersey and the province was split into 4 administrative districts, with Hoebuck (as it was called) becoming part of Bergen County. The area still remained sparsely populated and eventually came into the possession of William Bayard, a local farmer who supported the revolutionary cause, but after the fall of New York switched sides to the British. After the war ended the land owned by Bayard was confiscated by the new Revolutionary Government of New Jersey and put up for auction. There it was purchased for the equivalent of $90,000 by Colonel John Stevens. Colonel Stevens went on to build his estate at the top of Castle Point. He opened ferry service on his ship Juliana, from Manhattan to Hoboken making it the world's first commercial steam ferry. He then built a steam locomotive to bring passengers to his estate from New York. Hoboken became a resort style community and the area started to develop. By 1849, the Township of Hoboken was formed from portions of North Bergen Township. The town continued to grow in population and employment and soon it became a full fledged city by a referendum on March 29, 1855, ratified by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature.
Before Stevens' death in 1838, Stevens laid out though his land development company a regular system of streets, blocks and lots; constructed housing and developed multiple manufacturing sites. The town prospered and the population grew. In 1870, in honor of Colonel Stevens, Edwin Stevens, on a bequest, founded on Castle Point, The Stevens Institute of Technology; the site of the original Stevens estate. It was the first mechanical engineering college in the country.
By the late 19th century shipping lines and train lines moved into the port area of Hoboken that included the precursor to the Erie Lackawanna Railroad that is now the present New Jersey Transit terminal sits. Todd Shipyards, and Hamburg America Lines also called Hoboken home. Soon Hoboken became a center for industry, and workers for the shipping and train industries, mainly of German and Italian descent flocked to the city.
Baseball was first played in Hoboken at Elysian Field in 1846 between the Knickerbocker Club and the New York Nine, and by the 1865, the grounds hosted a championship game between the Mutual Club of New York and the Atlantic Club of Brooklyn and with it baseball was coined "The American National Game of Baseball".
During World War 1 and through the Great Depression, Hoboken fared well as the shipping and railroad industry flourished and other corporate manufacturing giants grew in the shadows of the waterfront that included Maxwell House, Hudson Tea, Hostess Cupcakes and Bethlehem Steel. Jobs were plentiful and paid employees received high wages so the town and its residents continued to prosper. By the 1960's, things started to deteriorate. Jobs moved elsewhere as employers sought less expensive labor and less expensive costs associated with big city life. Factories moved further away as transportation improved and the cost of shipping goods went down. Factories were boarded up and the once handsome rowhouses fell into a state of disrepair. Similar patterns were happening in other manufacturing hubs around New Jersey, including its neighbor the the south, Jersey City, as well as Paterson and Camden. It almost seemed hopeless for these now blight-ridden communities, until the late 1980's when agreements between the Port Authority and local and state government agencies and private developers were made. These partnerships gentrified many of the run-down sections of both the residential and the industrialized areas of the towns to give way to new condominium development accompanied by "Open Spaces", like the Hudson River Waterfront Walkway an area of park-like land abutting the Hudson from Secaucus through Hoboken and up to the George Washington Bridge. Hoboken was now able to give its residents a state-mandated master plan to create the linear park, offering expansive views of the Hudson River with the most sensational backdrop of the New York City Skyline. The city once again boomed. Real estate prices soared and a new generation of young "milineals" found a new home just across the river from their beloved New York. One by one, the old buildings have given way to new and the factories have become major condos attracting hoards of purchasers who love the city style of Hoboken, the less expensive price tag from New York City, yet with the easy commute into the City.
Hoboken Major Condominium Complexes: Call for information about the following communities:
Hudson Tea Building
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Population change since 2000: +11,428%
Zip code: 07030
Median Family income: $121,614
Population Density: 39,212/square mile people/sq mi
Hoboken Town Website: CLICK HERE
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Information herein is deemed reliable but not guaranteed.